Biology (BIOL)

Chairman: Jonathan R. Pollard
Professors: Rugera Klein, Thomas Laue, Stacia Summersworth, Trel Varghorne

The Biology Department takes full advantage of the Academy's extensive laboratory and holographic facilities. A liaison from Starfleet Medical ensures the Academy maintains cutting-edge technology and updated documentation on current journals and papers. Course work focuses on understanding and recreating previous medical discoveries — cadets may pursue more advanced experiments and laboratory work with a faculty member or in advanced programs at the Starfleet Science Institute.

BIOL 111. Principles of Biology

Introduction to the structure and function of cells; tissues and organs; physiological processes; genes and heredity. Includes a survey of kingdoms, behavior, evolution, and ecology.

BIOL 114. Perspectives on Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering

The history and science of biotechnology and genetic engineering of bacteria, plants, and animals. Applications of DNA technology, cloning, and genetic engineering to agriculture, biomedicine, and environmental problems. Discussion of the economic, social, environmental, legal, and ethical issues surrounding the applications of biotechnology and genetic engineering, including a historical prospective of the Eugenics Wars and the Federation's current ban on genetic resequencing.

BIOL 220. Microbiology

Structure, interactions, and physical-chemical properties of biomolecules. Application of modern techniques to the characterization and study of biomolecules, with an emphasis on proteins and nucleic acids; analysis of enzymes kinetics and techniques of micro- and molecular biology. Students study biomolecular structures using computer and holographic modeling.

BIOL 304. Principles of Genetics

Chemical structure of genetic material, Mendelism, gene recombination, and chromosornal mapping techniques. Mutation, genetic expression and regulation, recombinant DNA. Quantitative inheritance and population genetics. Students study genetic structures and expressions through computer and holographic modeling. Experiments include complete gene-mapping sequences and recombinant DNA production in simulation.

BIOL 310. Principles of Exobiology

Structure and biogenesis of other lifeforms, including the development and evolution of non-carbon-based life. Cellular crystalline structures, silicates, and nonoxygen environments. Students study a wide variety of lifeforms including the Horta of Janus VI and information from "A Study of Morphagenic Lifeforms" by Dr. Julian Bashir. Also includes a brief survey on artificial lifeforms.

BIOL 495. Investigations in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Independent study in various areas including but not limited to genetics, signal transduction, gene regulation, molecular evolution, biophysics of macromolecules, parallel evolution and development, and biotechnology. Students conduct field and laboratory research for the preparation of a thesis to be presented at the course's conclusion.